NEET-UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate)

NEET-UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate)

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) or NEET, formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test, is an all India pre-medical entrance test for students who wish to pursue MBBS.

NEET exam is very important because it is the only medical entrance exam conducted in India. This includes the admission to MBBS course in all government medical institutes and also the admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER. As entrance examinations to AIIMS and JIPMER have been replaced by NEET. 

NEET 2022 : Exam Pattern

No. of Questions180
Duration of Test3 hours
SubjectsQuestions in NEET UG 2022 will be from Chemistry, Physics, Botany & Zoology
Question Paper LanguageEnglish, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya, Assamese, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, and Kannada

Those who chose paper medium as English will get the test booklet in English language only. For other languages, it will be bilingual (English+ selected language).

Marking Scheme4 marks will be provided for every correct attempt

1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer

No overall deductions will be made.

Exam Pattern in General

SubjectsNo. of QuestionTotal Marks

NEET 2022 Biology Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme

SubjectTotal MarksNumber of questionsMarking Scheme
BotanySec A: 140Sec A: 35


  • +4 marks will be awarded for each correct response
  • -1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect response
  • Section B will have internal choices


Sec B: 40Sec B: 15
ZoologySec A: 140Sec A: 35
Sec B: 40Sec B: 15

NEET Chemistry Exam Pattern 2022: Marking Scheme

SubjectTotal MarksNumber of questionsMarking Scheme
ChemistrySec A: 140Sec A: 35

+4 marks will be awarded for each correct response

-1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect response

Sec B: 40Sec B: 15Internal Choice in Section B to attempt any 10 questions

 NEET Physics Exam Pattern 2022: Marking Scheme

SubjectTotal MarksNumber of questionsMarking Scheme
PhysicsSec A: 140
Sec B: 40
Sec A: 35
​Sec B: 15

+4 marks will be awarded for each correct response

-1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect response

Internal Choice in Section B



NEET 2022 : Eligibility Criteria



Qualifying Exam for NEET 2022

  • Must have passed 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English as core subjects from a recognized board.

  • Class 12 or equivalent appearing aspirants are also eligible to apply for NEET.

Minimum Age Requirement for NEET 2022

Candidates must have completed 17 years as on December 31, 2022.

Maximum Age Limit*

The maximum age of limit will be 25 years for candidates belonging to the general category. For candidates belonging to SC/ST & OBC category, the age limit is 30 years

Qualifying Marks

The class 12 percentage required for NEET 2022 exam is separate for each category and can be listed as under. NEET eligibility marks in class 12 to be considered are aggregate marks only for PCB subjects

  • UR - 50%,

  • OBC/SC/ST - 40%,

  • PWD - 45%

What is the Maximum Attempts for NEET exam?

There are no restrictions on the maximum attempt of the candidates.


Indian Nationals, NRIs, OCIs, PIOs & Foreign Nationals aspirants are eligible to apply

Qualification Criteria

  • The applicants must clear the qualifying exam from a recognized board with an individual pass in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English.
  • An aggregate of 50% marks (40% for OBC/SC/ST and OBC-PH/SC-PH/ST-PH & 45% for General-PH) in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology is also necessary.
  • The appearing candidates are also eligible to apply for the exam.

Eligibility for 15% All India Quota Seats

The applicants of Indian national/ OCIs/ NRIs/ PIOs/ FNs are eligible for 15% All India Quota Seats. The candidates of Jammu & Kashmir, who have opted for seats under All India Quota, will have to submit a copy of the system-generated Self-Declaration.



NEET 2022 : Syllabus

NEET Physics Syllabus

Syllabus of Class 11thSyllabus of Class 12th
Physical world and measurementElectrostatics
KinematicsCurrent Electricity
Laws of MotionMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Work, Energy and PowerElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid BodyElectromagnetic Waves
Properties of Bulk MatterDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
ThermodynamicsAtoms and Nuclei
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic TheoryElectronic Devices
Oscillations and Waves 

NEET Physics : Weightage


Class 11 topics

Physical world and measurement2%
Laws of Motion3%
Work, Energy and Power4%
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body5%
Properties of Bulk Matter3%
Oscillations and Waves3%
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory3%

Class 12 Topics

Current Electricity8%
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism5%
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents8%
Electromagnetic Waves5%
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation6%
Atoms and Nuclei3%
Electronic Devices9%

NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus

Syllabus of Class 11thSyllabus of Class 12th
Some Basic Concepts of ChemistrySolid State
Structure of AtomSolutions
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesElectrochemistry
Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureChemical Kinetics
States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsSurface Chemistry
ThermodynamicsGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Equilibriump- Block Elements
Redox Reactionsd and f Block Elements
HydrogenCoordination Compounds
s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Some p-Block ElementsAlcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
HydrocarbonsOrganic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Environmental ChemistryBiomolecules
 Chemistry in Everyday Life

NEET Chemistry : Weightage

Class 11

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry1%
Structure of Atom2%
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties2%
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure5%
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids2%
Redox Reactions3%
s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)2%
Some p-Block Elements2%
Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques4%
Environmental Chemistry2%

Class 12

Solid State2%
Chemical Kinetics3%
Surface Chemistry2%
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements2%
p-Block Elements5%
d and f Block Elements4%
Coordination Compounds9%
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes3%
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers4%
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids4%
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen2%
Chemistry in Everyday Life2%

NEET UG Biology Syllabus

Syllabus of Class 11thSyllabus of Class 12th
Diversity in Living WorldReproduction
Structural Organization in Animals and PlantsGenetics and Evolution
Cell Structure and FunctionBiology and Human Welfare
Plant PhysiologyBiotechnology and Its Applications
Human Physiology

Ecology and Environment

 NEET Biology : Weightage of Topics

Class 11

Diversity in Living World14%
Structural Organization in Animals and Plants5%
Cell Structure and Function9%
Plant Physiology6%
Human Physiology20%

Class 12

Genetics and Evolution18%
Biology and Human Welfare9%
Biotechnology and Its Applications4%
Ecology and Environment6%


The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET UG 2022 exam on July 17 in offline mode. With the exam around the corner, candidates must roll their sleeves up and prepare to score maximum marks in NEET 2022 biology.

Biology comprises a maximum number of questions as Zoology and Botany are combined in it. Hence, scoring the highest marks in this subject is not tough at all. Candidates need to do smart learning at this time point during NEET preparation 2022.

Every medical aspirant should leave no stone unturned while preparing for NEET 2022. Thus, knowing NEET 2022 biology important topics will surely pace up the preparation. Below-mentioned is the important biology topics for NEET 2022.

Important Topics of Biology for NEET 2022

Questions in the NEET-UG examination are asked based on the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 and Class 12 and are equally distributed among both the classes. Below-mentioned are the topics that need to be focused.

Important Topics of Biology for NEET 2022 from Class 11

Plant Kingdom

  • Questions from different types of algae and their pigments

  • General characters of pteridophytes and gymnosperms

Biological classification

  • General features of Monera, Protista, Fungi

Structural organization in plants and animals

  • Root, stem, and leaf anatomy

  • Animal tissues and their functions, specifically epithelial tissues

Cell: Structure & Functions

  • Mycoplasma, nucleus, chromosomes, ribosomes, chloroplast, and mitochondria

  • Meiosis - Prophase I

Plant physiology

  • C3, C4 cycle

  • Kranz anatomy

  • Glycolysis and Krebs cycle

  • ETS complexes

  • Photoperiodism

  • Transpiration pull

  • Bulk movement in Phloem

  • Mineral deficiency & Nitrogen cycle

Animal/Human Physiology

  • All topics specifically diagrams are very important

Important Topics of Biology for NEET 2022 from Class 12


  • Gametogenesis in plants

  • Gametogenesis in humans

  • Reproductive structures in plants and animals

  • Polyembryony, Parthenocarpy, apomixis

  • Menstrual cycle

Genetics & evolution

  • Dihybrid cross, linkage

  • Codominance

  • Pedigree analysis

  • Genetic disorders

  • Darwinism and natural selection

  • Human evolution


  • Process and applications

  • BT cotton, RNAi, Human insulin, Gene therapy, molecular diagnostics

Biology in human welfare

  • Human immunity

  • AIDS, Cancer

  • Drugs

Ecology and environment

  • Environmental issues

  • Biogeochemical cycles

  • Population interactions

  • Adaptations

  • Succession

How to Prepare for NEET 2022 Biology

With almost two months left for NEET UG 2022, it is now the time to do smart work. Candidates are advised to read the following tips on how to prepare for NEET 2022 biology in an effective manner.

  • Preparation from the NCERT books of Class 11 and 12 is recommended.

  • Cover the aforementioned important topics and prepare them thoroughly.

  • Candidates must identify their weaker section and devote more time to preparing it.

  • Once the topic is prepared, practice the maximum number of objective questions from that topic.

  • Mock tests will help in improving the speed. Solve them on a daily basis.


Q1. Will NEET 2022 syllabus be reduced due to COVID-19, especially will NTA remove physics from NEET syllabus?

Ans. As of now, there is no such announcement has been made. Any new changes in NEET 2022 syllabus (if made for 2022) will be updated instantly on the official website of the NEET examination.

Q2. Will there be any Change in NEET 2022 Exam Pattern?

Ans. There is no change in the exam pattern of NEET 2022 and will remain the same as the previous NEET examinations. Although, due to increasing cases of covid, NTA may conduct NEET 2022 in computer-based mode, like JEE Main. All the updates regarding the NEET examination and changes related to it will be updated on its official website and will be seen in news channels.

Q3. Should I take the Coaching for NEET 2022?

Ans. Yes, you should join coaching for NEET 2022. Coaching gives you great exposure to quality teaching, questions, and the tests conducted on the basis of NEET exam patterns. It will help you in staying confident to crack NEET 2022. Also, the coachings are properly experienced ones, thus, encouraging students through proper guidance and techniques to qualify for the examination.

Q4. Can a 12th pass-out candidate appear directly in NEET examination?

Ans. Yes, the students who have just passed out from the 12th standard are eligible to appear in NEET entrance examination. Although, the level of their preparation decides if they want to appear in NEET soon after qualifying 12th standard or they want to take a year drop out to strengthen their preparation.

Q5. In which colleges admission is given to the qualified candidates of the NEET entrance examination?

Ans. The qualified candidates are eligible to get admission in the AIIMS, JIPMER, and various other medical colleges of India. 

Q6. How many total questions are there in the NEET examination?

Ans. 200 questions are there in NEET. Candidates will get the internal choice in section B of the paper and they have to attempt only a maximum of 180 questions. 

Q7. What are the main subjects focused upon in the NEET examination?

Ans. All the questions are divided into Physics, Chemistry and Biology in the entire paper.

Q8. What are the maximum marks?

Ans. 720 marks are the maximum out of which candidates have to score.

Q9. What were the safety provisions provided by the NTA for the NEET examination?

Ans. For maintaining proper social distancing this time the exam centers were increased from 2546 to 3843 and all other safety instruments like sanitizer and masks were made compulsory.